Hawaii Fact Sheet
Capital City: Honolulu, Oahu
Major Airport: Honolulu International Airport (HNL) on Oahu is Hawaii’s major airport, serving as the entry point for most of Hawaii’s visitors.
Climate: Average daytime temperature: 75˚- 85˚ F. Temperatures at night are approximately 10˚ F lower. It is generally drier on the western (leeward) side of the islands, wetter on the eastern (windward) sides.
Time Zone: Hawaii Standard Time (GMT-10 hours), 5 hours behind the US East Coast, 6 hours behind during Daylight Saving Time (Hawaii does not observe Daylight Saving Time, March through November).
Languages: English, Hawaiian
Currency: U.S. Dollar.
Area code: The area code for all of Hawaii is (808).
Nickname: The Aloha State
Statehood: 1959, the 50th state of the United States
The Hawaiian Islands:
Area: 552 sq. miles
Known for: Napali Coast, Wailua River, Waimea Canyon, Hanalei Bay, Poipu Beach
Area: 597 sq. miles
Known for: Waikiki, Pearl Harbor, North Shore, Mt. Leahi (Diamond Head), Iolani Palace
Area: 260 sq. miles
Known for: Kalaupapa National Historical Park, Kaunakakai, Papohaku Beach, Saint Damien
Area: 140 sq. miles
Known for: Hulopoe Bay, Puu Pehe (Sweetheart Rock), Lanai City, Keahiakawelo (Garden of the Gods), Munro Trail
Area: 729 sq. miles
Known for: Haleakala National Park, Lahaina, Upcountry Maui, Hana
Hawaii, the Big Island
Area: 4,028 sq. miles
Known for: Kilauea (one of the world’s most active volcanoes), Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, Maunakea, Kailua-Kona, Hilo
Population: 160 (privately owned, limited public access)
Area: 69 sq. miles
Population: Uninhabited (permission required to visit)
Area: 45 sq. miles
State Flower: Yellow Hibiscus
State Tree: Kukui (candlenut tree)
State Bird: Nene (Hawaiian goose)
State Fish: Humuhumunukunukuapuaa (reef triggerfish)